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EurekAlert! - Earth Science
The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Isotopic makeup of atmospheric sulfate and nitrate
(Tokyo Institute of Technology) Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology and Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS have conducted research in Antarctica to elucidate the chemical pathways that contribute to the formation of atmospheric sulfate and nitrate. They were able to identify seasonal changes in Δ17O values of sulfate and nitrate, and confirm that these are due not to variations in Δ17O values of the precursor ozone but to changes in atmospheric oxidation chemistry.
Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center receives $360,000 NSF grant
(Florida Atlantic University) FAU's Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center (SNMREC), a US Department of Energy designated center, is focused on advancing science and technology to recover energy from the oceans' renewable resources with special emphasis on those resources available to the southeastern US, initially focusing on ocean currents and thermal resources.
Beijing severe haze more frequent under global warming
(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) A new study projects a substantial increase in the frequency and persistence of conducive weather conditions to Beijing severe haze in response to climate change.
Portland State U research shows some viruses can infect even after major mutations
(Portland State University) Portland State University researchers have found that only about half the genes in a specific virus affecting single cell organisms is needed to infect a host. This means the virus can undergo major mutations without losing its ability to survive and infect. The research shows how resilient and stable viruses can be. It also gives new insights into the structure of HIV and other viruses, how they are made and the challenges of fighting them.
UC biologists find surprising variability in courtship behaviors of wolf spiders
(University of Cincinnati) Studies of wolf spiders at the University of Cincinnati found that courtship displays help preserve genetic isolation between closely related species. Another study found that the species Gladicosa bellamyi used multi-modal communication to entice females.

EurekAlert! - Oceanography
Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center receives $360,000 NSF grant
(Florida Atlantic University) FAU's Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center (SNMREC), a US Department of Energy designated center, is focused on advancing science and technology to recover energy from the oceans' renewable resources with special emphasis on those resources available to the southeastern US, initially focusing on ocean currents and thermal resources.
Lack of staffing, funds prevent marine protected areas from realizing full potential
(National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center) Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an increasingly popular strategy for protecting marine biodiversity, but a new global study demonstrates that widespread lack of personnel and funds are preventing MPAs from reaching their full potential. Only 9 percent of MPAs reported having adequate staff.The findings are published in the journal Nature on March 22.
Gardening worms and climate change undermine natural coastal protection
(NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research) Dikes could be lower if they are protected against the waves by grassy marshes. But the protective salt marsh grass is struggling, not only due to increasingly stronger waves, but also to the superfood diet of ragworms. These sophisticated gardeners turn inedible, tough grass seeds into succulent, nutritious sprouts in their burrows. These cultivation techniques prevent many seeds from growing into salt marsh vegetation, thus undermining the use of salt marshes for 'natural' coastal protection.
NASA's GPM analyzed rainfall in ex-Tropical Cyclone 11S
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Ex-tropical cyclone 11S was still generating some heavy rainfall, despite losing its tropical status and becoming a sub-tropical storm when the GPM core satellite passed overhead. The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed over the remnant low pressure area and analyzed the rain the system was generating.
The carbon dioxide loop
(University of California - Santa Barbara) Marine biologists quantify the carbon consumption of bacterioplankton to better understand the ocean carbon cycle.
Oil IT Journal
Monthly headlines from Oil IT Journal.
DNV GL's data platform
DNV GL finds lack of awareness of digital potential in oil and gas. To help things along, the 'trusted third party' rolls-out 'Veracity' an independent data platform for frictionless connectivity.
Predix, Maana converge
GE and Maana's 'intertwined vision' realized in converged, cloud-based industrial internet. Predix meets EKT, the 'Enterprise knowledge technology.'
Big data and legal risk. World's future energy needs.
Neil McNaughton wonders what the regulator thinks of big data-derived stochastic reserves numbers. Lone Star reports on similar warnings from the Association for Computing Machinery. Mark Razmandi warns of bias in SCADA analytics. Also... the Church of England blesses fracking (official!). Oft-cited IEA fossil fuel forecasts sneak-in and nbsp;2 billion world population hike for 2040!
Oil IT interview, DNV GL and the Veracity data platform
Oil IT Journal talks to Cathrine Torp, Kenneth Vareide and Jorgen Kadal about DNV GL's new data platform. Today 'absolutely nobody is handling data as an asset.' An enhanced data value chain is needed to fix the familiar problems of data quality and provenance and of data lakes full of garbage. DNV GL's position as a 'trusted third party' has the potential to bridge the proprietary silos.
Paradigm 2017
75 Page presentation covers new and updated functionality and 'Paradigm on top' data strategy.

NatureNews - Earth and Environment - nature.com science feeds
Nature - the world's best science and medicine on your desktop
Seth Stein: The quake killer
The US government says that a huge earthquake risk lurks in the heart of the country, where a series of large shocks hit 200 years ago. Seth Stein says that kind of warning is dead wrong.
A struggle for power
Brazil is developing the last great untapped reserve of hydroelectricity, the Amazon basin.
Dam controversy: Remaking the Mekong
Scientists are hoping to stall plans to erect a string of dams along the Mekong River.
Angry words over East Asian seas
Chinese territorial claims propel science into choppy waters.
Seven billion and counting
A look behind this month's global population landmark reveals a world in transition.
Redrawing the Arctic map: The new north
Getting to grips with a changing polar landscape.
Scientific challenges in the Arctic: Open water
As the ice melts, fresh obstacles confront Arctic researchers.
Special issue on the Arctic: After the ice
As the Arctic thaws, can science help to chart a sustainable path for the north?
Brazil cooks up transgenic bean
Approval draws criticism over transparency and safety tests.
Scientists push for agricultural monitoring
Network would collect environmental and socioeconomic data from around the world.

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